niamh bellingham


Unit 4 LO 1.2

Week 8, 9, 10 – Hallo Project

Communication Report

For my hallo project I have chosen to use the communication method of Video. I feel as if this is the best type of method I can use because it can use audio and video at the same time. I am able to use the audio of people saying hello and use the visuals of them saying hello to help portray my idea and meaning. If I was to use radio I would not be able to use have the video and this would take away a lot of the meaning because you don’t see who is saying hello and where they are. Also in this project the only dialogue you can use is the word ‘hello’ and if I used radio all it would be is someone saying hello and you wouldn’t understand why.  I also do not think print would be a good method to use because you wouldn’t be able to have the audio of someone saying ‘hello’ and it would just be a picture and you wouldn’t understand the story as much.


Locations I will be using –

  • The onion in Broadstairs
  • Different locations in my friends house: the garden, the kitchen, bedroom
  • Out side my friends campervan
  • Asda car park

Equipment I will be using –

  • Cannon 600D camera
  • Tripod
  • Clapper board

Each location will have a different person there, but every person will be in the same sort of position, a mid shot of them saying hello. I will also be filming them performing an activity.

So when I film Billy he will be flipping a pancake, as we are already filming in a kitchen we will be able to use things in it. We will make the pancake batter before filming. Also with filing Fraser out side his caravan, I am going to have him drinking a hot drink from his favourite mug, and we will make the hot drink before filming. I will be filming Ethan in a ASDA car park, I will film it after the shop closes so there wont be many people around, but it will be dark because the shop closes at 10pm so I will have to use some lights. I will try and use a 3 point lighting system, have two lights on each side of the camera, to do this I will have to make sure I have another person to help operate the lights.

Evaluation of research

I felt my research was helpful because it helped me because it gave me an idea of what I need to do before doing more complicated shots. With filming Ethan at the ASDA car we found a spot where the was some light coming from the shop windows so we used that as lighting and I had two people each side of the camera using phone flashes as lighting, because I was not able to get actual led lights. I also felt that my research helped me be more organised in the scenes where I had to prepare things in advance.

Production Diary

Sunday – I went back to Arthur and Billy’s and met Alice there. Then filmed Alice saying hello and stroking Arthur and Billy’s dog Myrtle. I had Arthur and Emily to help with lighting. I did not have a tripod at this time so that is why the footage is slightly unstable but that was the only problem.

Monday – I went to college to collect my equipment and then went to Arthur and Billy’s house and filmed him out side in his back garden saying hello and smoking a cigarette, Emily helped me doing the clapper board. All the filming went well.

Tuesday – In the evening I travelled to ASDA with Ethan, Arthur and Billy, to film Ethan’s part. We waited till ASDA was closed and then I chose the spot I wanted to film in. Then I filmed Ethan saying hello and skating round a bit. I had Arthur and Billy to help me with the lighting. Most of the filming went well except for the first couple of takes because Ethan kept adding in other words other than hello.

Wednesday – I got to Arthur and Billy’s house and we made the pancake batter before filming and he practiced flipping. Then I filmed him saying hello, flipping a pancake and eating a pancake. All this filming went well except for some shots being out of focus.

Thursday – I travelled to the onion and filmed Emily there saying hello and dancing around. Filming for this was quick and didn’t take long, only problem we had was that it is a public place and we had to stop filing some times because of the public walking past. Then I went to Frasers house and we made the hot drink he would be using when filming and then filmed him standing out side his camper van saying hello and drinking his drink, the filming for this was also quite quick, one problem we did have though is because it was filmed outside there was noises of birds in the back ground.

Peer reviews

Arthur: I think that you did a very good job with how professional you tried to make the filming, with all the lighting and specific positioning of us all and whatnot, and I liked how you got us all to do something that was linked to us, like I smoked, billy made pancakes etc.

Billy: It was better than I thought it was going to be but you need how to focus a camera because you always seem to get that bit wrong. I like the way you edited it and the song choice, and I like the bit where you had the video of me eating the pancake and stopped the music.

Ethan: I thought it was than expected, the editing was pretty good and I liked how I was edited. One thing I didn’t like was how the order of people saying hello wasn’t the same order as the second part of people just doing stuff.

Critical Perspective Report

In my hallo project I focused a lot on Mise-en-scene and Semiology. Mise-en-scene being everything that is the scene, so the location and background, the arrangement of props and where people are standing in the scene.  And Semiology being the study of meaning, and what things mean, and things being decoded by the reader.

In my hallo project I focused on mise-en-scene because all the shots are in different locations with different things in them, and the actors are all different. These locations all contain different things. The shot of billy in the kitchen there is of food and kitchen utensils showing that it is a kitchen, and this shot of Emily at the onion dancing around, you can see grass, bush, a bench and a pathway, showing that the scene is out side, and you can see the onion sculpture around her showing she is the onion.

I also looked at semiology within my hallo project. At the start I have ‘Hello friend’ on the screen showing the person watching it that this project must be about friends. Then I have 6 different people saying hello, like they are saying hello to someone. Then I have them all doing something that relates to them as a person. Fraser drinks a lot of hot drinks,  so I had him sipping a hot drink, billy always makes pancakes for breakfast so I had him flipping a pancakes and eating one. It shows the audience what kind of people they all are how they are all different.

Contextuality Report

When we first got told about the project we had to and the brief for the project I automatically thought of my friends. They are a big part of my life and I thought they would be really good for this project. I thought that simply showing them as the people they are would be the best way to show them.

One things that effected my project was my lack of time. I had just over a week to film but if I had longer I would have been able to have more of my friends in my production. Some of my friends were not able to fit in to my time table and that’s why I was not able to put them into my production,  and I would have probably made my production longer and have my friends doing more activities.

As I am a college student a budget was something I didn’t really have. If I had a big budget I could have had them in lots of different locations not just in the towns that we live in. I could have used better more expensive equipment, and had more people to help me with the production.

My Hallo Project



My hallo project is about my friends, and showing how different they all are. In the production I have 6 of my closest friends and they all say hello at the start then I have different shots of them doing actives that I felt showed them well for who they are, and how different they all are.


  • I like the music I used because it is about friendship
  • The editing went better than expected
  • I felt it showed all my friends well
  • It was fun to make
  • Showed different shot types


  • Some shots were out of focus
  • Could have used a microphone
  • There is background noise in some of the shots
  • Could have had more of my friends in it and made it longer
  • A couple of the shots were shaky because I didn’t have a tripod

I managed to do most of what I put in my proposal and concept. I described in my concept how I wanted to have them saying hello and them doing something else at the location they were at. I did change some of the location and planned to have more people than I did actually have in the end because of time restrains. I did plan to use a microphone but in the end I didn’t actually use one.

If I could adapt the work I produced I would make all the shots that are out of focus are in focus. I would also have used a microphone to make the audio better. I could have also filmed more footage of them doing things they like to show more of there personality.

I do feel like the final work was appropriate for the target audience of younger people/teenagers. I got good feedback from my peers and teenagers I showed my project to.

I do feel like it covered all 4 units well. I showed my different skills with camera skills and my framing skills in my production. I also covered the research and planning when researching and planning my production. Maybe not as much with the jobs unit but I did experience being a director. I also covered semiology and mise-en-scene  with the meaning and story behind why I made my production.

My production went a lot better than I thought it would. In the start I didn’t really have any idea of how I wanted to edit and how I wanted it to turn out. And I managed to find a nice song to play in the background, the song is about friendship and how important it is.

The feedback from my tutors was mainly good. They did obliviously point out that some shots were out of focus and that I should work on that, but they mention how they liked the different shots I used. They also said they likes how I had them all saying hello then after showing them doing thing so you get to know them each more. One thing when I done my first rough edit was that I should make the music quieter at the start when they are all saying hello so you can hear they saying hello better.

If I was to do this task again I would definitely try and add more of my friends in, and make it longer and add more clips of my friends doing there activity’s. I would also maybe add a shot of all my friends together somewhere, I feel like this would be nice to show everyone together. I would use a microphone next time to make the sound better quality and prevent back ground noise.  Also would make sure that all my shots are in focus while on location so if they are I can reshoot them, because I only realised that they are out of focus when I got the editing.





Week 7: Unit 4: Representation

In this lesson we learnt about Representation in the media. I made a mind map of everything we learnt in the lesson.


Representation is used a lot in media. Media use stereotypes, archetypes which is basically a more detailed stereotypes and countertypes which is the opposite of a stereotype.

TV series with a stereotypical character




Find 1 stereotype, 1 countertype from ideally a current British TV show, give examples from the program that demonstrates what you are illustration.

Week 4: Unit 4: Narrative

Media is about telling a story and narrative is the story and how the story is told. There’s lots of different types of telling a story.

Types of narrative:

 Linear story: goes from start-middle-end,
Non linear: doesn’t go from start-middle-end, for example it could go from the end to the start back to the end and then the middle, an example could be the film we need to talk about Kevin (2011)
Single-start narrative: only looks at one story/characters, has nothing else going on so it focuses on one thing, sometime it has a little subplot but it’s usually about character development, an example for this could be Spider-man (2002)
Multi strand story: it tells us lots of story’s with in the narrative or from one persons point of view, sometimes they overlap. Soaps such as Eastenders are multi strand narrative.
Open narrative: the story is still on going even when the film/tv show ends. For example The Hunger Games Movies (2012-2015).
Closed narrative: the story ends when the film/show ends and you know everything that has happened. The story is completed and shut down. A film that has a closed narrative could be About Time (2013).
Realist narrative: meaning that the story is being told in a normal real way and things that happened in the story could happen in real life. An example of realist narrative could be the tv series Friends(1994-2004)
Non realistic narrative: the story is told in a a way that is not realistic and contains things that are not realistic, it’s not told in a normal way, it wouldn’t happen in real life. An example of non realistic narrative could be The Walking Dead(2011-2016)

Narrative techniques:

Voice over: someone talking, maybe a character or just a narrator, and there talking to the audience explains what is happening, an example of a voice over used in a film is the Wolf of Wall Street(2013)
Idents: text on the screen, usually shows places or times and it moves the story forward. For example the opening of episode one of stranger things (2016).
Diegetic sound: the sound is coming from something on screen, for example the dialogue.
Non diegetic sound: the sound has been added to the film, for example a piece of music out in to add suspense.
Technology: the lighting, sound, camera, editing. There all very important, they all help to tell the story, like camera placement and the use of different sounds.

My narrative:

It was a normal Sunday morning, Nat was doing her weekly shop in her local super market. She was just picking up a bottle of milk like she does every week, when suddenly the fire alarm goes off. She started to hear people screaming and the smell of burning. She looked up and saw black smoke rising above the isles in the supermarket. She starts to run to the back of the store, with the other shoppers to get away from the smoke. Nat hears lots of screaming and then the sound of fire engine, she hears fire fighters shouting. Her and other shoppers run into the back of the supermarket. There is a fire exit, she and the crowd of other shoppers run out fast. They can still smell the smoke coming from the super market, but as they stand out side for some time the smoke dies down, the fire fighters have put the fire out.


Jake Shore (no date) What are Narrative Strands Available at: (Accessed 18th October)

Holly Hosler-White (2013) Open, Closed, Multi-strand, Linear and Non-Linear narratives Available at: 18th October)

What is Realistic Fiction? – Definition, Characristics  and Examples (no date) Available at: 18th October)

Week 3: Unit 4: Mise-en-Scene

What is Mise-en-scene:

Mise-en-scene means literally everything on screen. The word is borrowed from theater studies but people analyzing film and TV now use it. Mise-en-scene even includes sound, so what you can see and hear on screen, and the auidance decodes it which comes from semiology.

Mise-en-scene includes:

  • Props – furniture, cars, pets, guns
  • Locations –  houses, towns, flats
  • Sound – spoken word, music, sfx
  • Clothes – dresses, tops, trousers
  • Actors – what they look like, how they sound
  • Lighting – colours, brightness
  • Editing – whats going on, length of scenes

Scene analysed:


A date and a place appear witch is the editing showing us where this is set and what the date is. It says ‘November 6th 1983’ which shows us this show is set in the 80’s. Behind the words is a dark starry sky showing that it is night, there are some sounds in the back ground that sound like outdoor noises, of wind and maybe animals. The camera pans down to a big building with lots of satellite dishes on the top of it with flashing red lights. This is telling us that this building is probably important. More words appear on the screen telling us what the building is, the name also lets the audience know that it is an important building.

The shot changes to what seems to be inside the building we just saw, it is a pain corridor but there are white lights flickering and you can hear the hum of them flickering. The lights flickering could be a warning sign, and as we learnt that the place is a laboratory, the warning could be for something very bad.

The camera moves in to a heavy metal door, at the end of the corridor, the lights still flickering. Then suddenly you see a man in a white lab coat loudly burst through the door, showing that he works there and is a scientist. Hes running very fast showing that he is in danger and probably running to get away from some one/something. There is now a siren playing in the back ground and the man in the white lab coat is turning corners, there is a shot close up of his face and he looks very scared and you can hear him gasping for air.

The man in the white lab coat gets to an elevator and you see him pressing the call button frantically, meaning he is obviously running away from something. The is a close up of his face and he looks back at the corridor and he looks very anxious. He then presses the button repeatedly, then finally the elevator opens. He runs on and starts to press another button, he stands in the middle of the elevator and stares down the empty corridor, he is breathing very heavily, and the lights are still flashing. The camera gets closer to his face and then his head tilts up and he is looking very scared, meaning that there is probably something above him, you can hear some weird sounds which is probably coming from what ever is above him. Then he is yanked upwards by whatever is above him as the elevator closes.

The scene changes to a close up to a sprinkler, then you see the sprinkler in front of a suburban house. Then it cuts to a close up of a boys face who is talking, it then shows 3 other characters who he is sitting round a table and they are playing a board game that looks serious. The are sitting in a basement, that looks quite old, because this TV program is set in the 80’s.

The 4 boys are the first characters we meet who have dialogue, which shows that they probably are important characters in the TV show.





Week 2: Unit 4: Genre

Different types of film and tv genres:

  • Horror
  • Comedy
  • Thriller
  • Sci-fi
  • Action
  • Crime
  • Rom-com
  • Drama
  • Adventure
  • Film-noir
  • Western

Genre expectations 

A genre expectation is what you expect from a film or TV show that is a certain genre. For example, if you see a film poster with blood and a knife on it you will expect that to be a horror or a thriller, not a comedy or western.

How to analyse genre 

Mise-en-scense: What is on the screen and in the back ground.

Iconography: The objects and props in the scene, and the Semiological analysis of the scene.

Narrative: How the story is told, for example; voice overs or indents.


Film noir was the first film genre to be created. It started in the early 1940s during world war two. Early film noir films were american crime fiction. French critics came up with the name film noir, because of the low-key lighting used. The darkness of these films basically reflected on the times, the economy was very bad because of the war.  Many films reflected on important things, such as soldiers coming back from war and trying to live a normal life. Auidences liked this because the films were about things people were to scared to talk about but the subject was very important.

The lighting film noir was also quite basic so it would be fast to set up and because during and after light bulbs were very scarce. A popular technique used in film noir lighting is venetian blinds because they created a dramatic effect.

The Maltese falcon: Made in 1941, directed and written by John Huston, based upon the novel by Dashiell Hammet. This film is a about a private detective that takes on  a case that involves him and three criminals and a liar, who all want the Maltese falcon which is a statue.

Double indemnity: Made in 1944, directed by Billy Wilder and written by Billy Wilder and Raymond Chandler based on the novel by James M. Cain. Its about an insurance representative that lets himself get talked into a murder and insurance fraud which turns bad for him.

The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica (no date) Film noir Available at: (Accessed: 1st October)

The Maltese Falcon (no date) Available at: (Accessed: 1st October)

Double Indemnity (no date) Available at:  (Accessed: 1st October)





Week 1 unit 4: Semiology

What is semiology?
Semiology is the study of signs in film and tv. Messages are encoded into films and tv. This means they try and contain messages and meaning and the audience decodes it.
Signs include: Clothes, colours, body language and props such as furniture and cars.
Red: danger, love, anger, luxury, heat, jealousy
Green: envy, happy, nature, jealousy, healthy, greed
Yellow: happy, danger, summer, youth, warmth, success
Blue: sad, cold, calm, contemplating, natural, nostalgia
New character joining skills
Black hair with a fringe, sometimes wears a black snap back or beanie hat. Wears black skinny jeans, black jumper with a large white stripe across the front, septum piercing. Quite skinny and medium height. Awkward body language, but moves quite fast. He smokes roll ups, skateboards, wears a blue backpack. His bed room is small, grey and white walls, has a double bed and a desk with a computer witch takes up most of the room.
Misfits Episode 1 Season 1 
Right at the start  of the episode you see all the characters getting dressed into orange jump suites which usually relate to what inmates wear in prisons, which could show us the characters may be in trouble with the law. The first characters you see is Alisha and you can see she has a tag on her which also indicates that she in trouble with the law. The camera moves up her body slowly, she is also in her underwear and just getting changed in a corridor that shows shes probably quite confident. The second character you see is Nathan and he is also getting dressed into his orange jump suite. He has a cigarette in his mouth which can tell us about him. The third character we see us Kelly and it is an close up of her face, she is wearing quite heavy make up and is coming her hair which shows she takes pride in her appearance. The next character you see is Simon, he is straitening out his collar that could mean he wants to looks smart, he is also stood in the middle of the shot which could also say something about him as a person, that maybe he likes everything to be inline and strait. The next character is Gary and he is putting on a snap back, and the shot is a low angles shot to make him look more intimidating, and he slaps his finger together showing to the audience he is a chav. We see Curtis next and there is a shot of his abs, showing that he probably works out and cares about his appearance, and he has his jump suite tied around his waste that could show that he doesn’t really care about the uniform. You then see them all lined up and all leaning differently on a railing by river, and there is close ups of there faces. Curtis is chewing gum and Alisha is twiddling her hair which show they both don’t really care about being there. There is a man talking to them who is probably is in charge, Nathan is the first one out of them to speak which shows that he is confident.
Ginny Burl (2015) Misfits Full Episodes Season 1 Episode 01 
Available at:
(Accessed: 24th september)

Create a free website or blog at

Up ↑