niamh bellingham


Unit 3 LO 2.2

Week 7: Unit 3: Working Practices

Free lance –

pros and cons

self employed-

pros and cons

employed by a company-

pros and cons

Time line of my career


Week 4: Unit 3: Skills: Camera Man

How to become a cameraman:

To become a camera man the best way is to go to university. You could do a course o photography because that could lead to being a cameraman. After this you could get a apprenticeship or internship. Alternatively you could go into free lance work.

Famous Camera Man:

Emmanuel Lubezki cinematographer from Mexico. He started his career in Mexico in the late 1880s, and his first international production was the independent film Twenty Bucks (1993). Lubezki studied film and the National Autonomous University of Mexico, along with film maker Alfonso Cuarón.

The two have been friends since they were teenagers and have worked on 6 motion pictures. Including Great Expectations (1989), Gravity (2013) and Children of Men (2006) witch revived universal acclaim for his camera use.
He’s been nominated for 8 Academy Award for Best Cinematographer. Winning three for The Revenant (2015), Gravity (2013) and Birdman or The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance (2014)

Different Jobs:

  • Camera Assistant – They make sure everything is running smooth, make sure the battery’s are charged and all the equipment is working right. They will know the script, so they know what cameras are needed in witch scenes.
  • Camera Operator (Camera Man) – They operate the equipment on set, like the cameras and drones.
  • Cinematographer/Director of Cinematography –  They control where the cameras go and what cameras to use. They design camera plans, and decide what to do with the cameras.

Auteur Theory

‘Auteur’ originates from France, it translates as ‘Author’. The theory was introduced in the 1950s by French film directors. The Auteur Theory states that the director is considered the ‘Author’ of the movie. Its considered that the director puts as much work in to the film they are making as an author who is writing a book.  All directors have there certain style they direct with and they are the leader of the team making the film, like the lighting, sound, camera, editing, actors,  and they tent to work with people who have a similar style.

Emmanuel Lubezki Biography (no date) Available at: (Accessed: 15th October)

Stacey (2011) Auteur Theory Available at: (Accessed: 18th October)

The Editors Of Encyclopaedia Britannica  (2016) Auteur Theory Available at: (Accessed: 18th October)


Week 3: Unit 3: Skills: Sound/Foley Engineer

How to become a Sound/Foley Engineer:

To become a sound engineer you need to get work experience, and like lighting you usually get it in theater. This gives you good experience with lights and builds up your knowledge base. It also looks good on your CV, then you can go on and get an internship or an apprenticeship.

The other option to become a lighting engineer can be to go to uni. At uni you can do a sound degree. Going to uni is a good experience and it can help you gain connections, they build you skills up and teach you everything you need to know to become a sound engineer. It also shows employers a good level of education and that you really know what you are doing. Then after uni you could get a internship/apprenticeship or work freelance.

When becoming a Foley Engineer you need to become a sound engineer first because you need the skills of a lighting engineer to be a Foley Engineer.  Foley is a specialism in sound engineering. They best option is to go to uni and do a sound engineering degree and then specialise  in Foley, some people just go strait into Foley because its what they want to do, some do both and some work in the industry for years and never work with Foley sound.

Different sound jobs:

  • Sound Assistant
  • Sound Engineer
  • Sound Designer
  • Sound Mixer
  • Foley Engineer/Designer

Famous Sound Engineer/Designer:

Mark A. Mangini has worked on over 130 films and TV shows in his sound design career, inducing many Disney films like the lion king and Aladdin, Star trek and Scooby-Do. Hes been nominated for many awards, and in 2015 he won the Oscar for Sound Editing with the film Mad Max, shared with David White.

Mark was born in Boston and dropped out of college at the age of 19 to persue his career in film. His first job was a cartoon sound editor. Then went on to own his own Post Production Sound Company  for 25 years (Weddington Productions Inc), and  his studio is part of the Formosa Group, in Hollywood. He now is a Governor of  Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences representing the Sound Branch.

University Sound Engenieer Courses:

Sound Engineering & Design at Bolton University

Sound Arts and Design at the University of the Arts London

(No date) Available at: (Accessed on: 7th October)

Week 2: Unit 3: Skills: Lighting Engineer

What a Lighting engineer does: 

A lighting engineer doesn’t just control the lights they design the lighting setup. The lighting design is how the lights look in the scene or film. The lighting design is shown on a story board witch they show for each scene, and it shows where each light will be and where the light will be going. They maintain the lights, set them up and take them down to the agreed lighting design and also repair them.

How to become a lighting engineer: 

Luck is important but not much because to be a lighting engineer you need to learn an actual practical skill. Work experience is vital, it shows that you have worked in the industry and that you are a hard worker, an you usually get this in theaters. The last most important thing to do is to go to uni. You would usually take a film production course and then specialise  in lights. There you will learn about all the practical skills needed to be a lighting engineer. It also proves a good level of education which employers will like, and at uni you can network and get contacts you will can use in the future.

After uni you can ether become an intern, get an apprenticeship or work as free lance. An internship is where you work for a company for free, but it looks very  good on your CV because you are working in the industry and shows you are determined. A job could come from an internship but not always.

Alternatively you could get an apprenticeship, which is where you are working for a company and also getting paid but you also learn on the job. This also looks good on your cv and is good because you’re basically getting paid to learn.

One other thing you could do is to go free lance. This is where you are self employed and you are hired by companies, in this case to work with lighting. It is most common way to work when you are a lighting engineer. You have to be very flexible, because a job could be for 6 days or 6 months.


Week 1 unit 3: Skills: Director

What a director does:
A director is the person in  he making of films that directs/tells people what to do when the camera is rolling. They direct the: actors, sounds, editing, lighting and camera.
A director is not to confused with a producer, even tho there jobs are similar. The producer is in charge of what does on behind the camera when it is not rolling. The producer and director are usually equal when they work together.
Skills needed to be a director: 
Patience, confidence, passion, perfectionism, consistency, determination, creative vision and luck and money.
To become a director the most important things to do is to make films, watch films and go to uni and study film because it will improve your skills and you will make connections.
Famous director:
Quentin Tarantino was born in 1963 and moved to California aged 4. He worked as a usher at an adult film theater and also took acting classes. He got a job Video Archives in Manhattan Beach, California. Tarantino wrote the scripts for True Romance and Natural born killers when he worked there. He left the video archives to work at Cinetel, a production. He was able to give his script to one of the directors and he then bought the rights to it. After this he was able to get funding for his debut Reservoir dogs in 1992, which he also wrote. Then wrote and directed pulp fiction in 1994 and won an academy award. Tarantino has gone on to write, direct and start is many more films, he’s also had a lot of award nominations and even won an Oscar. Editors (2015) Quentin Tarantino Biography 
Available at:
(Assessed: 24th september)

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