niamh bellingham


Unit 2 LO 3.1

Week 8, 9, 10 – Hallo Project

Communication Report

For my hallo project I have chosen to use the communication method of Video. I feel as if this is the best type of method I can use because it can use audio and video at the same time. I am able to use the audio of people saying hello and use the visuals of them saying hello to help portray my idea and meaning. If I was to use radio I would not be able to use have the video and this would take away a lot of the meaning because you don’t see who is saying hello and where they are. Also in this project the only dialogue you can use is the word ‘hello’ and if I used radio all it would be is someone saying hello and you wouldn’t understand why.  I also do not think print would be a good method to use because you wouldn’t be able to have the audio of someone saying ‘hello’ and it would just be a picture and you wouldn’t understand the story as much.


Locations I will be using –

  • The onion in Broadstairs
  • Different locations in my friends house: the garden, the kitchen, bedroom
  • Out side my friends campervan
  • Asda car park

Equipment I will be using –

  • Cannon 600D camera
  • Tripod
  • Clapper board

Each location will have a different person there, but every person will be in the same sort of position, a mid shot of them saying hello. I will also be filming them performing an activity.

So when I film Billy he will be flipping a pancake, as we are already filming in a kitchen we will be able to use things in it. We will make the pancake batter before filming. Also with filing Fraser out side his caravan, I am going to have him drinking a hot drink from his favourite mug, and we will make the hot drink before filming. I will be filming Ethan in a ASDA car park, I will film it after the shop closes so there wont be many people around, but it will be dark because the shop closes at 10pm so I will have to use some lights. I will try and use a 3 point lighting system, have two lights on each side of the camera, to do this I will have to make sure I have another person to help operate the lights.

Evaluation of research

I felt my research was helpful because it helped me because it gave me an idea of what I need to do before doing more complicated shots. With filming Ethan at the ASDA car we found a spot where the was some light coming from the shop windows so we used that as lighting and I had two people each side of the camera using phone flashes as lighting, because I was not able to get actual led lights. I also felt that my research helped me be more organised in the scenes where I had to prepare things in advance.

Production Diary

Sunday – I went back to Arthur and Billy’s and met Alice there. Then filmed Alice saying hello and stroking Arthur and Billy’s dog Myrtle. I had Arthur and Emily to help with lighting. I did not have a tripod at this time so that is why the footage is slightly unstable but that was the only problem.

Monday – I went to college to collect my equipment and then went to Arthur and Billy’s house and filmed him out side in his back garden saying hello and smoking a cigarette, Emily helped me doing the clapper board. All the filming went well.

Tuesday – In the evening I travelled to ASDA with Ethan, Arthur and Billy, to film Ethan’s part. We waited till ASDA was closed and then I chose the spot I wanted to film in. Then I filmed Ethan saying hello and skating round a bit. I had Arthur and Billy to help me with the lighting. Most of the filming went well except for the first couple of takes because Ethan kept adding in other words other than hello.

Wednesday – I got to Arthur and Billy’s house and we made the pancake batter before filming and he practiced flipping. Then I filmed him saying hello, flipping a pancake and eating a pancake. All this filming went well except for some shots being out of focus.

Thursday – I travelled to the onion and filmed Emily there saying hello and dancing around. Filming for this was quick and didn’t take long, only problem we had was that it is a public place and we had to stop filing some times because of the public walking past. Then I went to Frasers house and we made the hot drink he would be using when filming and then filmed him standing out side his camper van saying hello and drinking his drink, the filming for this was also quite quick, one problem we did have though is because it was filmed outside there was noises of birds in the back ground.

Peer reviews

Arthur: I think that you did a very good job with how professional you tried to make the filming, with all the lighting and specific positioning of us all and whatnot, and I liked how you got us all to do something that was linked to us, like I smoked, billy made pancakes etc.

Billy: It was better than I thought it was going to be but you need how to focus a camera because you always seem to get that bit wrong. I like the way you edited it and the song choice, and I like the bit where you had the video of me eating the pancake and stopped the music.

Ethan: I thought it was than expected, the editing was pretty good and I liked how I was edited. One thing I didn’t like was how the order of people saying hello wasn’t the same order as the second part of people just doing stuff.

Critical Perspective Report

In my hallo project I focused a lot on Mise-en-scene and Semiology. Mise-en-scene being everything that is the scene, so the location and background, the arrangement of props and where people are standing in the scene.  And Semiology being the study of meaning, and what things mean, and things being decoded by the reader.

In my hallo project I focused on mise-en-scene because all the shots are in different locations with different things in them, and the actors are all different. These locations all contain different things. The shot of billy in the kitchen there is of food and kitchen utensils showing that it is a kitchen, and this shot of Emily at the onion dancing around, you can see grass, bush, a bench and a pathway, showing that the scene is out side, and you can see the onion sculpture around her showing she is the onion.

I also looked at semiology within my hallo project. At the start I have ‘Hello friend’ on the screen showing the person watching it that this project must be about friends. Then I have 6 different people saying hello, like they are saying hello to someone. Then I have them all doing something that relates to them as a person. Fraser drinks a lot of hot drinks,  so I had him sipping a hot drink, billy always makes pancakes for breakfast so I had him flipping a pancakes and eating one. It shows the audience what kind of people they all are how they are all different.

Contextuality Report

When we first got told about the project we had to and the brief for the project I automatically thought of my friends. They are a big part of my life and I thought they would be really good for this project. I thought that simply showing them as the people they are would be the best way to show them.

One things that effected my project was my lack of time. I had just over a week to film but if I had longer I would have been able to have more of my friends in my production. Some of my friends were not able to fit in to my time table and that’s why I was not able to put them into my production,  and I would have probably made my production longer and have my friends doing more activities.

As I am a college student a budget was something I didn’t really have. If I had a big budget I could have had them in lots of different locations not just in the towns that we live in. I could have used better more expensive equipment, and had more people to help me with the production.

My Hallo Project



My hallo project is about my friends, and showing how different they all are. In the production I have 6 of my closest friends and they all say hello at the start then I have different shots of them doing actives that I felt showed them well for who they are, and how different they all are.


  • I like the music I used because it is about friendship
  • The editing went better than expected
  • I felt it showed all my friends well
  • It was fun to make
  • Showed different shot types


  • Some shots were out of focus
  • Could have used a microphone
  • There is background noise in some of the shots
  • Could have had more of my friends in it and made it longer
  • A couple of the shots were shaky because I didn’t have a tripod

I managed to do most of what I put in my proposal and concept. I described in my concept how I wanted to have them saying hello and them doing something else at the location they were at. I did change some of the location and planned to have more people than I did actually have in the end because of time restrains. I did plan to use a microphone but in the end I didn’t actually use one.

If I could adapt the work I produced I would make all the shots that are out of focus are in focus. I would also have used a microphone to make the audio better. I could have also filmed more footage of them doing things they like to show more of there personality.

I do feel like the final work was appropriate for the target audience of younger people/teenagers. I got good feedback from my peers and teenagers I showed my project to.

I do feel like it covered all 4 units well. I showed my different skills with camera skills and my framing skills in my production. I also covered the research and planning when researching and planning my production. Maybe not as much with the jobs unit but I did experience being a director. I also covered semiology and mise-en-scene  with the meaning and story behind why I made my production.

My production went a lot better than I thought it would. In the start I didn’t really have any idea of how I wanted to edit and how I wanted it to turn out. And I managed to find a nice song to play in the background, the song is about friendship and how important it is.

The feedback from my tutors was mainly good. They did obliviously point out that some shots were out of focus and that I should work on that, but they mention how they liked the different shots I used. They also said they likes how I had them all saying hello then after showing them doing thing so you get to know them each more. One thing when I done my first rough edit was that I should make the music quieter at the start when they are all saying hello so you can hear they saying hello better.

If I was to do this task again I would definitely try and add more of my friends in, and make it longer and add more clips of my friends doing there activity’s. I would also maybe add a shot of all my friends together somewhere, I feel like this would be nice to show everyone together. I would use a microphone next time to make the sound better quality and prevent back ground noise.  Also would make sure that all my shots are in focus while on location so if they are I can reshoot them, because I only realised that they are out of focus when I got the editing.





Week 7: Unit 2: Research Editing


I will be researching different types of software for editing.

What I am going to research:


  • Look at the software they have on the college computers


  • Different software available
  • What editors used before they had computer software


There is lots of different software available. Some are completely free, some you buy once and can use for ever and some work with a subscription service, so you pay each month to use them. If you want a professional standard editing software you will usually have to pay for it. The top 3 best editing software of 2016, rated by ‘Top10Reviews’ were; premier pro which is around £20 a month and is made buy adobe, final cut pro which is made by apple and is around £240 and Avid media composer which is £30 a month. Some of the more popular free/cheaper editing software includes windows movie maker (free) and iMovie (£3.99)

People were making films way before any editing software and computers were made. All editing was done by hand with no software. This is called Analogue editing, and takes a lot longer than digital editing on software. You have to physically cut and put together bits of physical film to create the film you want, it is a very time consuming way of editing, and all films were made like this until the first editing software was created. To edit the physical film from the camera people would use a cutting/splicing device.

Image result for film splicing machineFilm splicing machine (Google, no date)

The computers at college have the editing program Avid on them. We have just started to use this editing program and I found it slightly confusing at the start but once you get used to it, its easier to understand. Avid has lots of things you can do it on and provides a wide range of things you can do to your edit to make it different.

Danny Chadwick (no date) Professional Video Editing Software Acsessed 14th nov

Reddit (2014) How movies were edited before computers Acsessed 14 nov

TechTop100 (2016)22 best free video editors for Windows | Best free video converters for PC & laptop | Best free video-editing software 15 nov!/2012/11/the-history-and-development-of-editing_1612.html 2 December 2 December 2 December

Week 5: Unit 2: Production Research


Planning takes place in every tv program/film. The production could not take place with out planning. Every small detail needs to be planned, even down to all the costumes every extra will wear and food for the actors. Usually the planning takes longer than the actual filming, it could take months even up to a year to plan a movies because there is so many thing to plan.

The scene i’m doing is the opening scene to the movie Suicide Squad. In this opening scene you meet two of the main characters, Dead Shot played by will smith and Harley Quin played by Margot Robbie. Both the characters are in a place called ‘the black site’ as we get told in the opening, which is some sort of military base. They both get talked to by the same guard, and Harley has flash backs.


Location – ‘Black site’

For the shot of the ‘black site’ I would employ a CGI artist to draw the location, because the shot is quite far out and the buildings in the distance are not very detailed, and the CGI artist would be able to change the colours of the sea and sky easily to like we see in the beginning of the shot.

I chose this CGI artist because a lot of his work was location designing and I think his style would be best for this shot.

Set design – Painting on the wall

For the painting on the wall of ‘death’ I would employ a graffiti artist, because the wall is meant to be outside, I feel like a graffiti artist would be best suited.


Most of the artists work are done on walls so they would be able to create the painting perfectly.

 Set design – office

For this office I would need a set designer and a studio to put the set in and film in.

TV Studio – Canterbury, Kent

Set design – prison cell

We see will smith playing Dead Shot in a small prison cell, with nothing but a punching bag. For this set I would use this abandoned prison.


This cell is small like the one we see on screen and has a pig metal door.

Set design – metal bar doors



Props – Army truck


Props – Office props

Props – Punching bag


I would use this punching bag as it looks worn out and kind of old and the chains at the top make it look like it could be in a prison.

Props – Medical equipment

There is lots of different medical props to hire.

Costume – Guards uniform

You are able to hire many at a time.

Costume – Orange jumpsuit

Costume designer.

Costume – White leotard

Costume designer.

Sound – Foley sound

A company who can create the foley sound.

Stunt – Harley hanging from ceiling, getting thrown on the ground and running into the bars

To make sure all stunts are performed safe and correctly.

Make up design – Harley’s tattoos

Professional make up artist

Special effects – Electric bars











Week 4: Unit 2: Research Camera


I am going to research different types of cameras, and how there’re  used.

What I am going to research:


  • Look at different camera in shops


  • Different types of camera
  • When and what are they are used


There are lots of different types of cameras used in film making. Some are big some are small and some are very expensive and some are reasonably cheap. The camera you use really depends on the shot you would like to get and what you are filming.

If you just want a simple video you could go for a consumer camcorder. It can help you develop your framing skills, and they do not cos a lot if you get a simple one. Camcorders are good for students and for family’s. There pretty small and there simple to operate, but the quality of the image will not be as good as other more expensive camera, especially in low light. Another type of camcorder is a prosumer camcorder, which are a lot like the consumer camcorders but they are better in quality and have options for you to plug in a separate microphone, but still do not have all the features of a professional video camera. You can also get professional camcorders which are very good quality and give you a lot more options and more creative control. But these camcorders can be expensive, and also quite bulky, and it may take some time to learn how to use them.

DSLR are still cameras interchangeable lenses. They are the best option if you are on a budget but you still want a high quality shot. They are very good quality and they give you lots of creative control because there lots of different things you can do on them to make your shots look different. With these cameras sound recording can be awkward and they can be awkward if you are using them handheld. They also have limited recording time which could be a problem if you need to take a lot of shots. But in general they are better than camcorders because they give you more benefits not available when filming with a camcorder.

Interchangeable lens videos are best for serious film makers. They have the advantages of camcorders and DSLR cameras. The larger image sensors and interchangeable lenses make better video quality, and most have pro sound feature so the audio will be better when using these types of cameras. The only real cons to these cameras is that the are usually quite big and because they are such good cameras obviously they are going to be pretty expensive, but but serious film makers with a good budget will be able to afford them.

I looked at many different cameras in shops. You can pretty much buy any camera you need, a simple cheap one, or an expensive professional one. It really just depends on what type you want and what you are using the camera for.


Choosing a camera for filmmaking (2016) Available at: (Accessed: 11 October)

J.Carlos Perez (2015) Basic Equipment for New Filmmaking Students Available at: (Accessed: 11 October)

Dibakar Saha (2016)  7 Types of Cameras used in Hollywood Movies  Available at (Accessed: 11 October)

Darren Rowse (no date) 21 Settings, Techniques and Rules All New Camera Owners Should Know Available at: (Accessed: 11 October)




Week 3: Unit 2: Research: Sound – Foley


I am going to find out about the use of Foley sound in films and TV shows.

What I am going to research:


  • Try and recreate some Foley sounds


  • What is Foley sound
  • How they make Foley sound
  • Importance of Foley in film

Foley sound effects are sounds added to a film in post production, so after the filming has stopped. Such as doors opening and shutting or slamming, fighting sounds, glass breaking and foot steps. So sounds the microphone did not pick up, or they were not loud enough. The main job of the person recording round on set is to record the dialogue, not the other sounds on the set.

Foley sound is created by Foley artists, on a Foley stage, in a Foley studio. A Foley stage is an area with lots of props to make sounds from, and a Foley studio is a specialized studio with special microphones that will pick up the sound well. The Foley artists stand on the Foley stage with the film on the screen in front of them, then they perform the sounds in time with film.

Without Foley in film, the film would not seem right, it would seem empty and hollow. When watching a film you need to be able to hear all the sounds not just the dialogue. Foley sounds are also used in documentary, it helps to bring the footage to life. It enhances the scene, mostly in comedy and action films, to make them more funny or intense.

I tried to recreate some Foley sound effects, it was harder than I thought. You cant just use any surface to try and make foot step sounds because different surfaces sound different, it depends on what type of foot step sounds you want. Creating water sounds was quite easy, I experimented with different kitchen utensils with running water, and using dry materials, like rocks.

MavArt Productions (2000) What is Foley? Available at: (Accessed: 3 October)

SoundIdeasCanada (2011) What is Foley Sound by Sound Ideas Available at: (Accessed: 2 October)

Philip Rodrigues Singer (no date) The Art of Foley Available at: (Accessed: 8 October)

Week 1 Unit 2: Research

Primary research is personal research that you do. You go out and find things and talk to people about the thing you want to research. This could be going out and taking pictures, interviewing people, taking surveys and practicing things to see if they will work in the future. You usually use primary research to find out things you didn’t know and to use to do tasks you do not know much about.

Secondary research is when you use research that someone has already made. Like taking photos of the internet, watching, listening or reading interviews conducted by someone else or looking at surveys results that people have already done.

There are lots of different types of research you can use. You could do a survey or a questionnaire witch can be primary or secondary. You can use pictures you have taken or photos from the internet or that people have given to you. You could get research and get information from a book, or find an interview with someone and make notes from that. Reading an article online would also be a good way of researching things.

The main source for researching things would probably be the internet, or going and talking to people. Other sources would include books, journals and diary’s. Also reports and articles people have written witch could be online or in magazines or newspapers.

A research plan is what you do before you go and do the actual research and then go on to actually making whatever you are doing the research for. You can plan out what sources and methods you are going to use.

If I was going to do research before making a documentary on crime in Thanet this is how I would do my research plan.

  • What? What am I trying to find out?


What style documentary are you going to? How long? Who is the target audience. Find out statistics for crime in Thanet, is it higher in some places. Where in Thanet has the highest crime rate, see if u can film there, would it be safe to film there? Look at the competition, if there already is a documentary about crime in Thanet. Research well known and some not well known crime story’s in Thanet. Research Thanet police, are they a good?

  • How? Where will I get the information for my research?


Use the internet, look up articles and reports. Watch old news reports. Use Facebook and twitter, ask people if they have been a victim of crime in Thanet and if they would like to share their experience. Talk to Thanet police.

  • Source locate


Read all the information you have found, analyse it. Summarise it so it is shorter.

  • Apply it


Make a plan of what information you want to use or make a report of it

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