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Evidence Document

Evidence Document for Tri 2

Week 8 and Week 9

Short 1 Minute Film

For this task we have to produce a 1 minute film. The theme for this short film is ‘friendship’

My 1 minute short film will be a small documentary about peoples feelings on friendship. I will be asking some of my closest friends questions about friendship and filming there answers.

Research

I watched some short 1 minute films on YouTube and made notes. I also researched questions on friendship, for inspiration on what questions I was going to ask my friends.

Misplaced

There is a variety of different shots in this short film. They all flow nicely together. The shots are edited together in a quite fast way, but it is effective because this short film has a good flow. The lighting is quite dull, maybe showing that it could be nigh time and he is going out, because you also see him walk towards the door before he looks for his phone. The sound used is good because it goes along with him trying to find his phone he misplaced,  it makes you want to know where the phone is more. The narrative for this is just a normal one because there is a start, middle and end.

Special Date

This short film does not have as many different shots. There is one quite long shot and is just a shot of him getting ready in a mirror. The lighting is quite bright because the first part is shot in a bath room, bur then he goes out side and the lighting is pretty dark, which could make you think that he is about to go and pick is date up, then he enters and the only light used is the light of the computer screen then you learn that the date is actually online. There is the same song all the way through the short film, its a quite happy and positive song so makes the short film seem happy and positive and shows the guy is excited for his date.

URGENT

This short film is about a boy who needs the toilet and is rushing around trying to find the toilet and on his way he disrupts some people. There is lots of different shots in this short and a lot of movement on screen that helps show that he is moving fast. There is black bars that  move up and down during this film and they move down when he is rushing around to show the urgency of his movements. Most of the lighting is natural because he is out side and moving fast and not really in the same place for a long period of time. The sounds used in this also contribute to the urgency of him running around.

Fools

This short film is about a girl who goes for a psychic reading with her friend but it actually turns out that it is fake and her friend set it all up. The first scene you see is in a hallway, the lighting is pretty dull and cold, that is showing that they are in a sketchy place, and she even points this out in the film. The only audio is the dialogue between the two girls, there is no music in the back ground. Then she walks into the place where the psychic reading is and the lighting is more warm. There is now some music in the back ground to show where she is.  There is different shots showing the surroundings and the actors clearly. Then the background music stops because the woman admits she is not a psychic. Then music plays at the end to show everything turned out fine.

Station

This film is about a two people at station. The main focus is the girl, there is lots of different shots showing her standing at the station and what she is doing. Then a guy comes along and it looks as if he wants to talk to her, and from the shots of her we get the impression she wants to talk to him to. The guy is shown moving around a lots behind her showing that he could be nervous. Then it seems like he is going to talk to her but then actually steals her bag. The music playing in the background suggests more of a love story than a crime. The lighting is natural and looks like it could have been shot in the evening sort of time because the sun is quite orange and low.

Selfie 

In this 1 minute short film, there is a man going to give some money to a homeless man and he takes a selfie when giving the money to the man and shares it on facebook and sends it to his friends to show what a good person he is when really he only gives the homeless man a coin. This is a very simple short film and is only filmed in one location, but uses different shots. The location it is filmed at is out side so all the lighting is natural lighting, and there is not much audio, only back ground sounds and sounds of a train and the movement of the guy.

There is 3 main stages in production:

Pre-production: This is the stage when you plan what you are going to do. This is a very important stage in the production because you cant start making something before you have planned it. You have to plan everything, where you are going to be filming your production, when and how you will film it, what equipment you need and if you need actors. In this stage I planned out where i was going to film each part of my short film and who was going to be in it. I also planned what equipment I was going to need and made sure it was available.

Production:  This is the stage where you go out and film your production. You go to the places you have planned to go to and film and record. For this part I went to all the different places I had planned to go to, with the people I had planned to use in my film and i filmed them.

Post-Production: In the stage you mainly edit the footage you have for your production and add in anything. In this stage I edited all my footage together using avid, added in music in the background and put the questions on screen.

We were given the theme of friendship for this 1 minute film. I had the idea of doing a 1 minute short documentary on friendship. I chose this idea because I like documentary’s. In my documentary I interviewed 5 different people and asked them different questions about friendship. I also filmed them doing activity’s with there friends.

Schedule and Production Diary

Monday – Planning

Tuesday – Planning

Wednesday – Planning

Thursday – Planning

Friday  – Film Emily and part of Arthur’s  – Filmed Emily in the LRC and filmed Arthur in sitting on a bench.

location recce sheet 1

health and safety 1

location recce sheet 2

health and safety 2

Monday –  Starting Editing at college

Tuesday – Filming Lucy and Paisley, and Joe – Filmed Lucy and Paisley in the park. Filmed Joe on a park bench, this did not go as well as I planned so I didn’t use this footage.

location recce sheet 3

health and safety 3

location recce sheet 4

health and safety 4

Wednesday – Filming Billy and the other part of Arthur’s – Filmed Billy in his bedroom. Filmed another part for Arthur’s part in his dining room, with George Nat and Elsie.

location recce sheet 5

health and safety 5

location recce sheet 6

health and safety 6

Thursday – Editing

Friday  – Editing

Equipment List:

  • Rode Shotgun Microphone
  • Camera
  • Clapper Board

For me the filming of this short film did not go as well as I planned. There was a time when I was meant to film someone but then they wasn’t available and that messed up my schedule. I was able to deal with this by filming on another day and then coming into college on Thursday and Friday and finishing of my editing. I also had a couple of problems with the audio, but I was able to fix them when I was out filming. For me this project was a lot like my Hallo project because I had made my Hallo project around friendship and that is why I feel like I did not do as well as I could have. If I was to make this 1 minute short film again I would have put more thought into the idea and I would have put more of a variety of shots in.

Social Media Report

I did not get any feedback on this blog post. I do not have many followers on my college social media accounts and it is hard to get feedback every week.

 

 

 

Week 7

 

Visual Production

This week in class we learnt about the use of Visuals

There are 3 stages of production:

Pre-production – In this stage you plan everything to do with your production. This is one of the most important stages because you cant start the production if you have not planned what you are going to do. For example, you wont be able to start filming if you haven’t planned what camera you are going to use.

Production – This is when you are actually producing the thing you have planned out. So you are going to be filming the production, and the pre-production stage helps you with this step.

Post Production – At this point you have all your filming done. This is when you are putting everything together to make your finished piece. So you will be editing your footage together, adding audio and adding anything else you want to. By the end of this stage you will have a finished piece.

Pre-production in Visuals

In the pre-production stage is very important. Visuals is what people see and there is lots of elements you need to plan out. You need to first plan out what you are going to have as the visuals, and then what you are going to need to be able to produce these visuals. Things such as: scripts, actors, costumes, location, budget, lighting, cameras. You also need to think about if the visuals you want to produce are achievable. They key crew members that will working on the visuals will most likely be the director and the director of photography.  This stage of the production is very important because if you don’t plan out your visuals and what you need to make them then you wont be able to go into the production stage because you wont know what to do and then you will not be able to move on to post-production.

For our task we had to show out visual production skills. We make a short clip showing a simple movement, so we could show different movements on screen and show our knowledge of visual skills.

Location Recce Sheet

Health and Safety

In our short piece we made we didn’t have dialogue only back ground audio and foley sound we also recorded. In the video there is someone typing on a computer and then they plug there earphones in an close the computer. They then pick it up and walk out of he room with there music playing.

Equipment List:

  • Zoom sound recorder
  • Headphones
  • XLR cable
  • Shotgun Microphone
  • Camera
  • Laptop

Our Schedule:

Monday: Planning all day

Tuesday: Planning 9.30 – 10.30 Filming 10.30 – 12.30 Editing 1.30 – 3.30

Wednesday: Editing 9.20 – 10.20 Uploading and evaluating 10.30 -12.30

Evaluation

I really enjoyed making this sort scene and I felt like it went really well. We worked well as a team most of the time and got everything done together. There was some small communication issues in the crew with the paper work and the roles each person was going to do. There was some strong characters within the group, which lead to the miss communication at the start of the task. But by the end of the panning period we had sorted everything out and everyone was happy with there roles with in the production.

 

Social Media Report

I did not get any feed back on this week as I still do not have a large follower amount.

 

 

 

 

 

Week 6

Audio Production

This week in class we learnt about the use of audio in the production.

There are 3 stages of production:

Pre-production – In this stage you plan everything to do with your production. This is one of the most important stages because you cant start the production if you have not planned what you are going to do. For example, you wont be able to start filming if you haven’t planned what you will use to record audio, and what microphone will be the best for what you are producing.

Production – This is when you are actually producing the thing you have planned out. So you are going to be filming the production, and the pre-production stage helps you with this step. This stage is when you will be recording all the audio while filming.

Post Production – At this point you have all your recording done. This is when you are putting everything together to make your finished piece. So you will be editing your footage together, syncing and adding audio, like sound effects and foley sound. By the end of this stage you will have a finished piece.

Pre-Production in Audio

This stage is very important for audio because in the final step if you don’t have audio or you don’t have the right audio or it is not the right quality it can ruin your whole production.

Our task for this week was audio based. We made a radio play called ‘the proposal’. We planned our everything we were going to do. Filled out all the paper work we needed to do. We decided a shot gun microphone would be the best for this audio task because we were recording peoples voices and did not want much back ground noise. We found a found a small room by the tv studio, this room was quiet and didn’t echo which was good.

Location Recce Sheet

Health and Safety

Script

“Set in a relatively busy restaurant, a series of communication and cutlery used in the background”

(Restaurant sounds in the back ground)

F1: Wow, this place is so fancy

F2: I know

F1: Why?

F2: Can’t I take you somewhere fancy

F1: This is the fanciest place you’ve taken me in 5 years

F2: Yeah, can’t I treat my girlfriend to a fancy dinner

F1: No

F2: WHY

F1: Because you never do

F2: Anyway, what are you having?

F1: Crab-stuffed lobster tails

F2: I’ll have the same

(Water pouring and eating sounds)

F1: So why are we here?

F2: I’ve been wanting to ask you this for a while

F1: Okay yes?

F2: Are you pregnant?

F1: what? NO

F2: I’m only joking, but seriously

F1: Yes

F2: Will you marry me

F1: Of Course

Equipment List:

  • Unidirectional dynamic microphone
  • Zoom sound recorder
  • Script
  • Headphones
  • Foley instruments: water, a cup, shoes.
  • XLR cable
  • Shotgun Microphone

Our Schedule:

Monday: Planning all day

Tuesday: Planning 9.30 – 11.30 Recording 12.30-2.30 Editing 2.30 -3.30

Wednesday: Editing 9.30 – 11.30 Exporting and Uploading 11.30 – 12.30

Evaluation

I feel like this task went reasonably well. Some of the audio we recorded was a little bit quiet. We were able to fix this when editing the sounds buy making the specific sounds louder using avid, so all the clips sounded the same. We also had a few problems with recording the actual sounds because at first we had the microphone was to near to the actors mouth and we had to move it around to each actor but if there was any noise when doing this we were able to edit this out.

Social Media Report

I gained a lot from this feedback, I realised that I did rush the editing part and if  I was to repeat this task again I would have concentrated more on the editing and not rushed it.

The Beat: A Blog by PremiumBeat. (2014). 5 Tips for Planning Your Audio in Pre-Production. Available at: https://www.premiumbeat.com/blog/audio-preproduction/ [Accessed 20 Feb. 2017].

Week 5

Microphones

This week we were focusing on different microphones. We looked at different microphones and what different situations we might use them in. We also looked at some problems we might have with different microphones and what the best ones to use are.

Task 1

In this task we had to go to 3 locations around the college:

  • An open inside area
  • An enclosed inside area
  • Out side

We went to each location and used 2 different microphones:

  • Lapel
  • Shot gun

We filmed a close up  using the shotgun mic and a long shot using the lapel mic, in the 3 different locations around college. We had a couple of problems while filming. One problem we came across was the device we were using running out of battery. We were easily able to fix this by getting new batteries. We also had some disruption with people around college interrupting filming but we just waited for them to pass so we could film again. I also had some problems with syncing the sound because I could not find the audio at first but then I was able to find it, and sync it in avid.

I would say the lapel mic would be better for interviews than the shot gun mic. The shot gun mic  has a directional polar pattern but still pics up some sound around it because it is usually placed further away from the sound so it is not in the shot. The lapel mic is better for interviews because it is can be placed near to the source of the sound, so it will just pick up that certain sound you want to record. It is also easier to hide because it is small so it can be in shot but you might not see it. The lapel mic is also easier to use because it does not need some one to hold it.

 

Social Media Report

This week I did not get any feed back on my blog post. I think this is because it takes time to build up a following and I do not have many followers so will not get that much feed back.

Week 4

Lighting

When shooting a film it is the lighting director or the director of photography is in charge of the lighting. There are different things light is used for such as: illumination, mood, to guide the audiences attention and to show texture and shape. They often use shadows to show shape and texture in the scene to. The two different types of shadows are:

  • Cast shadows – a shadow made by an object, usually on cast on the floor or what ever is around them, depending on where the light is coming from.
  • Attached shadows – shadows put on the subject by using lights, to create effect in the scene.

Lighting is very important in film. It brings different effects to different scenes and shows different things that the director want the audience to notice. Lighting can also help to show emotion and metaphors from what is going on in the film. It brings depth to scenes and brings texture and detail to things in the scene.

There is lots of different aspects of light that create effects in film.

Quality:

  • Hard – creates defined shadows and uses light and dark areas
  • Soft – uses diffused light, a lot less contrast between light and dark.
  • Harsh – extreme brightness and darkness, sharp shadows.

Direction:

  • Frontal light
  • Side light
  • Back light
  • Under light
  • Top light

Source:

  • Artificial – light made by bulbs, glow sticks, man made light sources
  • Natural – sunlight, moonlight, fire, naturally occurring lights

Colour:

  • Apparent colour – all the different colour seen by the human eye
  • Colour temperature – the warmness or coolness of the light

White Balance:

Correcting the colour of the shot to make the lighting look more realistic and not to orange or blue.

3-Point Lighting :

You can create lots of different effects with the simple 3 lights and provides you with a good foundation for you to be able to add more lights, creates somewhat of a ‘reality’ lighting so it will make the scene look more natural.

For this task we took photos inside and outside using different lighting techniques like natural light and artificial light combined, refactors and different types of lights.

The first two pictures were taken outside. The lighting in these was a mixture of natural light and artificial. On the day we went out it wasn’t that sunny but it was still bright, but there was clouds, we also used a reflector and a small led lights. Then the bottom two were taken inside. For these pictures we used bigger light, a big led light and then a refactor. The pictures on the left are more softer light and the ones on the right are more hard light because the right ones have more brighter light and more defined shadows.

We were then asked to look at 3 photos from films we like and think about the lighting used in the picture from the scene.

The Wolf of wall street (2013)

wolf-of-wall-street-2

The interview (2104)

the-interview

Split (2016)

split

We then recreated one of the pictures. I recreated the first picture from The Wolf of Wall street. This was shot outside, so I took mine outside to. I used the sunlight on Fins face and a refactor on the opposite side to try and create less shadow, but I still had shadow on one side of the face. If I was to recreate this picture again I would use an additional light on Fins right side so I wouldn’t have any shadow at all.

capture

Social Media Feed back

I got some really nice feed back from this blog from someone who said they learnt from my blog post.

Capture.PNG

Castiello, U. (2001) Implicit processing of shadows. Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0042698901001419 (Accessed: 3 February 2017).

nairm (2009) Film Terms Glossary. Available at: http://www.slideshare.net/nairm/film-terms-glossary (Accessed: 3 February 2017).

 

 

Week 3

Billy Goats Gruff

This week we were given an audio task. In class we looked at different microphones we could use and what one would be best. We also look at different examples of audio work, with and without visuals.

The task we had to do was recreate part of the Billy Goats Gruff story just using audio. We used a shot gun microphone to record our sounds and we recorded them all around college. In my final edit I also used some sounds I found online.

Sounds I used:

  • Narrator and two people reading the lines of the characters
  • Hooves sound, made by tapping plastic cups on a table
  • Ambient farm sound (found online)
  • Running water sound for the stream, made by recording a running tap
  • Splashing sound (found online)

I did have some problems when doing this audio task. One of the first problems we came across was when recoding the sound and trying to find a quiet place to record the sound so we did not have any back ground noise. In the end we used a quiet corridor to record the sound, this took a couple of attempts because even though we were in a quiet corridor there still was some disturbance’s like people walking past and door shutting.

Another problem I came across while editing was that some of the audio had more background noise than others because we did not put the microphone close enough to where the sound was coming from so we could hear other sounds. We fixed this by going out again and recording the sounds with more background noise again.

When we got to editing the sounds I found another problem witch was that some of the sounds were louder than others. To fix this I edited all my sounds I wanted together on avid then adjusted the volume of individual recordings also using avid. I made some recoding’s louder because they were to quiet and some quieter because they were to loud, until I felt like they sounded just right.

 

Social Media Feedback

george

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Week 2

Movement Task

This week we learnt about lots of different movements used in film, and how they can mean different things and engage the audience in the film. Movement in film must have a smooth flow otherwise it will not be effective.  Control, organisation and selection are the main things to think about when using movement in film. Movements used in film include: circular, horizontal and vertical, which can be shown either with the camera movements, movements of people on screen or movement of the background.

Different types of camera moment:

  • Pan – Moving the camera from left to right or right to left in a strait line.pan
  • Tilt – Moving the camera up and down.

tilt

  • Track – Physically moving the camera along from left to right or right to left.

track

For pan and tilt there is a rule that you shouldn’t move the camera any more than you can move you head from side to side or up and down because it may confuse the audience.

Direction

Direction in a scene is very important because it shows the audience the direction the subject in the scene are going, if there is movement in the scene. If direction is not done properly it can confuse the audience. For example, if the subject enters the shot from the left, to keep the screen direction right they need to exit on the right. There is the 180º rule which is if you are filming the subject from the right side, you should stay on that side otherwise it will look as if the subject is going in another direction. You can change the direction of the subject but for this to be effective you should show them changing direction on screen which is called natural direction or you can use a cut away. Natural direction is when you can physically see the subject move in another direction in the scene and a cut away is when you see the subject moving in one direction and then it cuts to something different in the scene then back to the subject moving but in a different direction and this is not confusing for the audience because they saw something different before seeing the movement again.

If the subject is moving towards or away from the camera, you have more options of where the subject can go when exiting because they are moving in the middle of the scene you can choose what side they exit. But if you choose for them to come back into the scene using movement you should make sure the enter from the same side they exited, if they enter from the side they did not exit the audience will be confused of the direction of the subject. Another thing you should be careful of when using moment is graphical imbalance, which is when you cut from the subject being close up in the shot and then them being far away in the shot which can also confuse the audience because they might not know where the subject is and it makes the movement seem jumpy.

In this task we had to show movement in our own scene. I had Recce walking out of college. I used a steady cam and a tripod to film it.

I made some mistakes in this movement task. I feel like I showed movement well with Reece walking through the doors and down the stairs. I filmed this part with the steady cam and some of the footage is slightly shaky but I think this is because we didn’t have any experience using the steady cam before. I am also in the back of some shots because I wasn’t using the steady cam, and if I was to do this task again I would make sure I am not in the back of the shots.

I then used a tripod to film Reece walking through the middle of college and out the doors. I made the mistake of being very close up to Reece then filming him far away, this does not look very good in the edit and is referred to as graphical imbalance. I would also improve this part of the filming if I was to repeat this task again. I would probably use the steady cam to gradually move back to show more of Reece and then use the tripod to pan round while Reece is walking, instead of just cutting from being very close up to very far away.

Social Media Feedback

This week I did not get any feed back on my social media accounts, I think this is because I only have a small following at the moment but I am hoping this will grow in the future and that I will get more feedback from my followers.

 

 

Social Media Report Week 1

Twitter

twitter_bird_logo_2012_svg

Origin

Twitter was created in 2006 by a podcasting company called Odeo. Jack Dorsey came up with the initial idea of an SMS service to communicate with a small group. Jack Dorsey is now the CEO of twitter. Its original project code name was twttr, then the named turned into twitter. Jack Dorsey explained the name Twitter as being ‘a short burst of inconsequential information’.

In 2007 twitter became its own company and became popular at the 2007 south by southwest interactive conference. The amounts of tweets went up from 20,000 a day to 60,000. From then on twitter kept growing, they reported 400 million tweets in 2008, the figures kept growing, in 2010 users were tweeting up to 65 million times a day, making it 750 tweets a minute.

Twitters usage increases during big events like the 2010 fifa world cup where football fans tweeted around 3,000 times a second in a 30 second period when a football team scored. The official twitter app was also released in 2010. By 2011 twitter had 100 million active users, the figures kept growing in 2013 and 2014 showing that twitter had over 200 million users sending over 400 million tweets per day.

capture

Twitter usage graph (https://www.statista.com/statistics/282087/number-of-monthly-active-twitter-users/, 2016)

Speciality

Twitter is good for talking to new people who are interested in the same things you are because you can simply search a hash tag (#) and find people tweeting about it and engage in a convocation with them through tweeting. It is a good place to keep up with news and what’s happening in the world because you can see what #’s are trending, trending meaning a subject a lot of people are tweeting about. Lots of people use twitter to keep up to date with there favourite celebrity because the celebrity’s often tweet things themselves and post updates of there life.

Pros and Cons

Pros –

  • Easy to use
  • Posts are short
  • Fast way to find out breaking news
  • Easy to promote yourself or a product
  • Keep up with your favourite celebrity’s
  • Its a secure website
  • Connect with new people who have similar interests
  • You can post photos and videos
  • Available on phone and computer

Cons –

  • Limited to 140 characters per tweet
  • You can only direct message people who follow you
  • You can only post 4 pictures at a time
  • Because there’s so many posts your post can get lost easily
  • Your posts can be seen by anyone

Instagram

untitled.png

Origin

Kevin Systrom is the CEO and co founder of Instagram started in 2009 on a project called Burbn a location based gaming and social networking site, he got $50,000 seed funding while working on his project Burbn. Mike Krieger then joined the Burbn team and they realised that Burbn had become to similar to Foursquare so they decided to focus Burbn on photo-sharing. Josh Riedel joined he company and  the name Instagram was formed. The name Instagram comes form a mixture of instant camera and telegram.

Instagram was first made for the iPhone 4 because apples iPhone had a high-quality. The first version of the app was very simple and had a dedicated camera feature, photo filters and basic sharing buttons.  On the 6th of October 2010 Instagram was launched. Instagram blew up very quickly, by December 12th they had 1 million users. January 2011 they added hast tags to help users discover other people using the app, they then added more photo editing features.

By this Instagram was worth around $25 million. In 2012 Instagram was released on to Android and was downloaded more than 1 million time in one day and in three months of it being released it was rated over 1 million times being only the 5th app to reach that. Facebook made an offer to perchance Instagram for around $1 billion, but keep the company independently managed and September 2012 Facebook officially owned Instagram.

After this Instagram just grew even more. They added more features to help you edit your pictures and more filters. They then added tagging and videos. They now have lots of different features including adverts, direct messages and putting locations on posts. Last they added ‘Instagram stories’ and being able to zoom in on photos. They now have over 400 million users.

Speciality

Instagram is good for instantly sharing pictures with your friends. It is also good if you are a company or a product and want to get your idea out there because just like twitter they use hash tags. It is also good for seeing the latest fashion trends and the latest news on pretty much anything. Lots of famous people have Instagram so it is also a good way to keep up with them.

Pros and Cons

Pros –

  • Easy and quick way to share photos with your friends
  • Good tools for editing your photos
  • Easy to use app
  • Privacy is very good, if your account is on private it is impossible for anyone who doesn’t follow you to see your posts

Cons –

  • The web version is hard to use
  • You cannot choose the privacy for each photo only for all your posts
  • The location tagging could be dangerous if used by minors
  • You can search anything and see anything, and you can see inappropriate things very easily.

Snapchat

Snapchat was created by  Evan Spiegel, Bobby Murphy, and Reggie Brown and they were all students from Stanford University. It was originally called Picaboo, and was created for one of there college projects. The original idea was a selfie app to allow users to share images that are short lived and deleted after a short amount of time to show the natural flow of interaction.

 

 

 

 

 

Twitter (no date) Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twitter#History (Accessed: 3 January 2017).

https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-speciality-of-each-social-network-Tumblr-Flickr-Instagram-Twitter-Facebook-Google+-Pinterest-etc-Why-are-they-different-from-each-other 4th jan

https://www.statista.com/statistics/282087/number-of-monthly-active-twitter-users/ 4th jan

https://techboomers.com/t/twitter-pros-cons 4 jan

http://www.eyerys.com/articles/people/redefining-culture-and-industry-kevin-systrom 4 jan

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instagram#cite_note-20 4 jan

http://resources.uknowkids.com/blog/top-pros-and-cons-of-using-instagram 13 jan

http://scientificera.com/internet/50-internet/703-pros-and-cons-of-instagram.html 13 jan

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