Media is about telling a story and narrative is the story and how the story is told. There’s lots of different types of telling a story.

Types of narrative:

 Linear story: goes from start-middle-end,
Non linear: doesn’t go from start-middle-end, for example it could go from the end to the start back to the end and then the middle, an example could be the film we need to talk about Kevin (2011)
Single-start narrative: only looks at one story/characters, has nothing else going on so it focuses on one thing, sometime it has a little subplot but it’s usually about character development, an example for this could be Spider-man (2002)
Multi strand story: it tells us lots of story’s with in the narrative or from one persons point of view, sometimes they overlap. Soaps such as Eastenders are multi strand narrative.
Open narrative: the story is still on going even when the film/tv show ends. For example The Hunger Games Movies (2012-2015).
Closed narrative: the story ends when the film/show ends and you know everything that has happened. The story is completed and shut down. A film that has a closed narrative could be About Time (2013).
Realist narrative: meaning that the story is being told in a normal real way and things that happened in the story could happen in real life. An example of realist narrative could be the tv series Friends(1994-2004)
Non realistic narrative: the story is told in a a way that is not realistic and contains things that are not realistic, it’s not told in a normal way, it wouldn’t happen in real life. An example of non realistic narrative could be The Walking Dead(2011-2016)

Narrative techniques:

Voice over: someone talking, maybe a character or just a narrator, and there talking to the audience explains what is happening, an example of a voice over used in a film is the Wolf of Wall Street(2013)
Idents: text on the screen, usually shows places or times and it moves the story forward. For example the opening of episode one of stranger things (2016).
Diegetic sound: the sound is coming from something on screen, for example the dialogue.
Non diegetic sound: the sound has been added to the film, for example a piece of music out in to add suspense.
Technology: the lighting, sound, camera, editing. There all very important, they all help to tell the story, like camera placement and the use of different sounds.

My narrative:

It was a normal Sunday morning, Nat was doing her weekly shop in her local super market. She was just picking up a bottle of milk like she does every week, when suddenly the fire alarm goes off. She started to hear people screaming and the smell of burning. She looked up and saw black smoke rising above the isles in the supermarket. She starts to run to the back of the store, with the other shoppers to get away from the smoke. Nat hears lots of screaming and then the sound of fire engine, she hears fire fighters shouting. Her and other shoppers run into the back of the supermarket. There is a fire exit, she and the crowd of other shoppers run out fast. They can still smell the smoke coming from the super market, but as they stand out side for some time the smoke dies down, the fire fighters have put the fire out.


Jake Shore (no date) What are Narrative Strands Available at: (Accessed 18th October)

Holly Hosler-White (2013) Open, Closed, Multi-strand, Linear and Non-Linear narratives Available at: 18th October)

What is Realistic Fiction? – Definition, Characristics  and Examples (no date) Available at: 18th October)