Different types of film and tv genres:

  • Horror
  • Comedy
  • Thriller
  • Sci-fi
  • Action
  • Crime
  • Rom-com
  • Drama
  • Adventure
  • Film-noir
  • Western

Genre expectations 

A genre expectation is what you expect from a film or TV show that is a certain genre. For example, if you see a film poster with blood and a knife on it you will expect that to be a horror or a thriller, not a comedy or western.

How to analyse genre 

Mise-en-scense: What is on the screen and in the back ground.

Iconography: The objects and props in the scene, and the Semiological analysis of the scene.

Narrative: How the story is told, for example; voice overs or indents.


Film noir was the first film genre to be created. It started in the early 1940s during world war two. Early film noir films were american crime fiction. French critics came up with the name film noir, because of the low-key lighting used. The darkness of these films basically reflected on the times, the economy was very bad because of the war.  Many films reflected on important things, such as soldiers coming back from war and trying to live a normal life. Auidences liked this because the films were about things people were to scared to talk about but the subject was very important.

The lighting film noir was also quite basic so it would be fast to set up and because during and after light bulbs were very scarce. A popular technique used in film noir lighting is venetian blinds because they created a dramatic effect.

The Maltese falcon: Made in 1941, directed and written by John Huston, based upon the novel by Dashiell Hammet. This film is a about a private detective that takes on  a case that involves him and three criminals and a liar, who all want the Maltese falcon which is a statue.

Double indemnity: Made in 1944, directed by Billy Wilder and written by Billy Wilder and Raymond Chandler based on the novel by James M. Cain. Its about an insurance representative that lets himself get talked into a murder and insurance fraud which turns bad for him.

The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica (no date) Film noir Available at: https://www.britannica.com/art/film-noir (Accessed: 1st October)

The Maltese Falcon (no date) Available at: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0033870/ (Accessed: 1st October)

Double Indemnity (no date) Available at: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0036775/  (Accessed: 1st October)